One of the fundamental steps for a skincare routine that works is to have a routine. At minimum, your skincare routine should consist of a good daily cleanser, a hydrating product (water based), a moisturiser and an SPF. Once you have found these products that your skin likes and reacts well to, then you can start incorporating other targeted skincare products.
It’s easy to feel as though we need to incorporate all the serums and lotions that have amazing claims, however, a targeted product is only as good as its formula and your routine. If the framework of your routine is poor, inconsistent or you are not using the right products for your skin, it can affect your skin's response to extra targeted products you may introduce.
Cleansing is often described as 50% of your skincare routine. This is because a cleansed face is good preparation for the penetration and absorption of products to follow. Using a good cleanser/face wash also should make your skin appear visibly better immediately after rinse off. Cleansing is essential for removal of dirt, oil, and other unwanted debris. Throughout the day the skin on your face is continually covered with bacteria, pollutants, viruses, dirt, and old (dead) skin cells. Cleansing helps manage PH levels of the skin; enabling sufficient water and product retention.
A hydrating product is be a water based toner or essence that contains hydration boosting ingredients inside such as hyaluronic acid, polyglutamic acid, aqualyx, snail mucin, glycerin etc. this helps water absorption into the skin and subsequently allows other products to be absorbed also.
This keeps skin, supple, healthy, and radiant. This is not to be confused with hyaluronic acid serum or similar products, hyaluronic acid serums do not actually hydrate skin, rather, they draw moisture into skin. Hyaluronic acid serum would be applied before a hydrating product; because it acts like a sponge by attracting moisture to boost hydration in the skin. So, you would apply a hydrating toner etc after the serum.
A good moisturiser will be water based also, hydration is key in all skincare routines, regardless of skin types or skin concerns. Moisturisers add moisture to the skin, a moisturiser cannot be oil based as oil doesn’t add moisture to the skin, oils are sealants.
However a moisturiser can contain a small percentage of oils inside (extracts, carrier and essential oils) for their properties and effects on skin. i.e. a moisturiser can be water based and have a small % of Grapeseed oil as an ingredient because of its skin calming benefits.
Oil/petroleum based products are called occlusives and can be great when used after moisturising because they “trap” or seal the moisture and all previous products in. They are a great way to minimise trans-epidermal water loss.
SPF (Sunscreen) is crucial: just as important as every other step. It should be applied in the morning as a last step in your routine and be reapplied throughout the day.
Spf protects skin from the harmful rays of the sun (UV rays) which cause ageing skin, wrinkles, a dull skin tone and hyperpigmentation: Your skin cells respond to UV light by producing more melanin as a self-protective mechanism, and SPF blocks the light that injures the cells.
As much as we may want a robust routine: it is not always necessary. Having a good stable routine with products that your skin can rely on, does a world of good for your skin.
It also prepares your skin for when you decide to add more targeted products that treat specific skin concerns.
A lot of skin concerns can be solved with a good routine.
- The Superskin cleanser: A daily facial cleanser/wash packed with antioxidants, extracts and skin-loving ingredients to give brighter, radiant, healthy and clear skin.
- The Hydrating Toner: A hydrating essence toner with hyaluronic acids (hydrator), Sage, Tilia, Aloe vera, Wu Zhu extract and more. Formulated to give brighter and hydrated skin.